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Objectives
By the end of this course the students should be able to:-
1. Mention types of microorganisms, their classification and structure.
2. Describe the pathogenesis and manifestations of diseases caused by microorganisms.
3. Describe methods of diagnosis of infections including; specimen selection, handling and processing.
4. List major classes of antimicrobial agents, their mechanisms of action and the commonly used individual antimicrobials.
- Introduction and Classification
- Bacteriology
- Cell Structure and classification of bacteria
- Growth and death of bacteria
- Bacterial genetics
- Control of Microorganisms
- Sterilization and disinfection
- Antimicrobial Agents
- Gram- Positive Bacteria
- Cocci (Staphylococci ,Streptococci, Enterococia)
- Bacilli (Bacillus, Corynebacteria)
- Gram – Negative Bacteria
- Cocci (Neisseria)
- Bacilli - Enterobacteriaceae
- Bacilli -Nonfermenting Organisms
            - Others
- Spore forming anaerobes bacilli
-Aanaerobic Gram-negative bacilli   
- Mycobacteria
- Spirochetes
- Chlamydia
- Mycoplasma & Legionella
- Rickettsiae
Fungi
- General Characteristics
- Classification
- Agents of superficial Infections
- Agents of subcutaneous Infections
- Agents of systemic Infections
- Opportunistic fungi
Parasitology
- Introduction and Classification
- Protozoa
- Ameba
- Flagellates
- Sporozoa
- Ciliates
- Helminthes (general features and life cycles).
 - Nematodes-intestinal
 - tissue
 - Cestodes
 - Trematodes
- Arthropods
Virology
- general characteristics and classification
- Viral Replication
- Viral genetics cultivation of viruses and their laboratory diagnosis
- Antiviral agents
- Pathogenesis of viral infections
- Immunity to viral infections
DNA Viruses
- Parvoviruses
- Papovaviruses
- Adenoviruses
- Herpesviruses
- Poxviruses
- Hepadnaviruses
RNA Viruses
- Picornaviruses
- Orthomyxoviruses
- Paramyxoviruses
- Coronaviruses
- Rubellavirus
- Rhabdoviruses
- Reoviruses
- Retroviruses
- Hepatitis C virus
- Hepatitis E virus
- Others
- arthropod-borne viruses
- slow viruses
- oncogenic viruses
Recommended Textbooks
Jawetz,Melnick and Adelberg’s
1-Medical Microbiology
Brooks, Butel and Morse ( editors )
Lange Medical books / Mc Graw Hill
Twenty second edition
2-Medical Microbiology
   David Greenwood and et al.
Churchill Livingstone, England , 18 th Edition