Force systems (2D and 3D), equilibrium of particles and rigid bodies (2D and 3D), structures (trusses, frames and machines), distributed forces (centroids and centers of mass), beams (shearing force and bending moment diagrams), friction, moments of inertia and virtual work.
Properties of concrete and steel, working stress design, allowable stresses, cracked and uncracked sections, strength design, stress block, singly and doubly reinforced sections, rectangular, T-sections and other shapes, concepts of ductile and brittle behavior, design for bending, shear design, bond requirements, development length, one-way solid and ribbed slabs, approximate methods for two-way slabs, design of columns, axially and eccentrically loaded, short columns, interaction curves.
Classification of building materials; composition and mechanical properties of materials; ceramics; binding materials; finishing materials; flooring materials; insulation materials; manufacture of cement and types of Portland cement; fine and coarse aggregates; admixtures; mixing, transportation, casting, and finishing of fresh concrete; properties of hardened concrete and factors influencing them, design of concrete mixes.
Structural properties of concrete, grades of concrete, cube test, bond between concrete and reinforcement. Simplified stress block, design of reinforced concrete sections for bending. Rectangular and T sections. Design of one-way slabs, design of R.C. columns for axial loads. Structural steel sections, design of steel sections for tension, compact sections, design for bending and shear. Steel connections.
Scalars and vectors, force components, moments, resultants. Rigid and deformable bodies, equilibrium, types of supports, free body diagram, structures, trusses, beams, method of joints and method of sections, shear and bending moment diagrams, distributed forces, centroids, second moment of area, composite areas, stresses and strains. Axial deformations, flexural stresses, shear stresses.
Introduction to indeterminate structures, static and kinematic indeterminacies, principle of superposition, method of consistent deformations, influence lines of continuous beams, qualitative influence lines, indeterminate trusses, influence lines for indeterminate trusses, slope deflection, moment distribution for beams and frames, frames subject to side-sway.
Structural forms, types of supports, stability and determinacy, reactions, determinate structures, plane trusses, method of joints, method of sections, space trusses, shear and moment diagrams for beams and frames, three hinged arches, moving concentrated and distributed loads, influence lines for beams and trusses, Muller-Breslau principle. Deflections: direct integration, moment area theorems, conjugate beams, real and virtual work, Maxwell’s reciprocal theorem, Williot and Williot-Mohr diagrams, approximate analysis of statically indeterminate structures.
Isolated and wall footings, combined footings, eccentrically loaded footings, slender columns, moment magnification, continuous beams and frames, pattern loading, moment envelopes, moment redistribution, estimation of dead and live loads, structural layout, deflections, crack control, detailing of reinforcement.