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Dr. Maha Alqam
Other Academic Activities
Discussion of Syllabus, Introduction Ch.1: General Principles; Fundamental Concepts, Units, Significant Figures, and Rounding off Numbers. Ch.2: Force Vectors; Scalars and Vectors, Coplanar Forces, Cartesian Vectors, Position Vectors, Force Vector Directed along a Line, and Dot Product. Ch.3: Equilibrium of a Particle; Condition for the Equilibrium of a Particle, Free Body Diagrams, Two Dimensional Force System, and Three Dimensional Force System. Ch.4: Force System Resultants; Moments-Scalar Formulation, Cross Product, Moments-Vector Formulation, Moment of a Force around a Specified Axis, Couples, Equivalent System, Resultants, and Reduction of a Simple Distributed Loading. Ch.5: Equilibrium of a Rigid Body; Rigid-Body Equilibrium, Free-Body Diagrams, Two Dimensional Equilibrium for a Rigid-Body, Two-Force and Three-Force Members, and Three Dimensional Equilibrium For a Rigid-Body. Ch.6: Structural Analysis; Planar Trusses, Method of Joints, Zero-Force Members, Method of Sections, Frames and Machines. Ch.7: Internal Forces; Internal Forces Developed in Structural Members, Shear and Moment Equations and Diagrams, Relations between Distributed Load, Shear and Moment. Ch. 8: Friction; Characteristics of Dry Friction; Problems Involving Dry Friction. Ch.9: Center of Gravity and Centroid; Center of Gravity and Center of Mass of Particles, Center of Gravity, Center of Mass, and Centroid for Bodies, and Composite Bodies. Ch.10: Moments of Inertia; Definition, Parallel-Axis Theorem and Radius of Gyration for an Area, Moments of Inertia for an Area by Integration, and Moment of Inertia for Composite Areas.
Strength of Materials
Introduction/Review of important principles of Statics. Concepts of normal and shear stress. Concepts of normal and shear strain. Mechanical properties of materials: tension and compression test, stress-strain behaviour, Hooke’s Law, and Poisson’s Ratio. Axially loaded members: Saint-Venant’s principle, elastic deformation, principle of superposition, statically indeterminate axially loaded members, thermal stress, and stress concentrations. Torsion: torsional deformation of shafts, the torsion formula, angle of twist, statically indeterminate torque-loaded members, and stress concentrations. Bending: shear and moment equations and diagrams, bending deformations, the flexure formula, composite beams, reinforced concrete beams, stress concentrations, and inelastic bending. Transverse shear: the shear formula, shear stresses in beams, shear flow in built up members, and shear center for open cross sections. Combined loadings: state of stress caused by combined loadings. Stress transformation: plane stress transformation, general equations, principal stresses and in-plane shear stress, and Mohr’s Circle for plane stress. Critical buckling loads of columns: critical load, and ideal column with pin supports, and columns having various types of support.
Classification of structures and types of loads. Analysis of statically determinate structures; idealized structures, principle of superposition, equations of superposition, determinacy and stability. Analysis of statically determinate trusses; common types and classification of trusses, method of joints, method of sections, determinacy and stability. Internal loadings developed in structural members; shear and bending moment diagrams for beams and frames. Cables and arches; analysis of cables subjected to concentrated and uniform distributed loads, analysis of three-hinged arches. Influence lines for statically determinate beams and trusses. Approximate analysis of indeterminate structures; trusses and building frames. Elastic deflections of beams; doubles integration method, moment-area theorems and the conjugate-beam method. Deflections using the energy methods; virtual work method for trusses, beams, and frames.
Properties of Concrete
Concrete as a structural material. Cement; types, manufacturing, properties, hydration, and tests. Aggregates; classifications, mechanical and physical properties. Quality of water; mixing water, curing water, and tests. Mixing, handling, placing, and compacting concrete. Fresh concrete; workability, segregation, bleeding, and tests. Admixtures; air entraining, accelerators, set-accelerators, set-retarders, and water-reducers. Development of strength; curing, influence of temperature, and maturity rule. Strength of concrete; compressive, tensile, flexural, splitting, and tests. Fatigue strength, impact strength, resistance to abrasion, and bond to reinforcement. Elasticity and creep. Deformation and cracking independent of load; shrinkage, swelling, and thermal movement. Permeability and durability; sulphate attack, attack by sea water, acid attack, alkali-aggregate reaction, and corrosion of reinforcement. Concrete mix design.
Properties of Concrete Lab
This laboratory includes tests for concrete materials, aggregates in general, in addition to concrete mixes and casting concrete. Consistency and setting time of cement. Compressive, and tensile strength of cement mortar. Bulk density, specific gravity and water absorption of fine and coarse aggregates. Los Angeles abrasion test. Sieve analysis. Slump test of fresh concrete. Compaction factor test. V.B test. Casting concrete samples, cubes, cylinders and beams. Compressive strength, splitting and flexural tests of hardened concrete. Core drilling test – Schmidt Hammer test.
Reinforced Concrete (2)
Isolated and wall footings, combined footings, eccentrically loaded footings, slender columns, moment magnification, continuous beams and frames, pattern loading, moment envelopes, moment redistribution, estimation of dead and live loads, structural layout, deflections, crack control, detailing of reinforcement.
Final Year Project
In coordination with the department, the student or group of students will choose a theoretical or practical project that is related to the Civil Engineering major.
POWERPOINT PRESENTATION - Practical Applications of Cast-in-Place Post-Tensioned Concrete Construction (On-Site); Lifting of PT Beam; Stressing using PT Jacks. CHAPTER 1 - PRINCIPLE METHODS OF PRESTRESSING. CHAPTER 2 - PRESTRESSING MATERIALS: STEEL AND CONCRETE. CHAPTER 3 - DESIGN PHILOSOPHY. CHAPTER 4 - FLEXURE: WORKING STRESS ANALYSIS AND DESIGN. CHAPTER 5 - FLEXURE: ULTIMATE STRENGTH ANALYSIS AND DESIGN. CHAPTER 6 - DESIGN FOR SHEAR . CHAPTER 7 - CAMBER AND DEFLECTION COMPUTATIONS . CHAPTER 8 – ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF COMPOSITE BEAMS . CHAPTER 9 - END ANCHORAGE ZONE.
INTRODUCTION: Scope, Special Design Characteristics of Bridge Members, Types of Bridges. BRIDGE COMPONENTS, DEFINITIONS, AND NOMENCLATURE: Introduction, Nomenclature and Definitions. DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS AND LRFD DESIGN PHILOSOPHY: Introduction, Limit States, Load Combinations, Load Factors, and Resistance Factors, Bridge Loads, Distribution of Live Loads and Beam Distribution Factors, Aids for Live Load Moments and shears for One Loading Lane, Moments and Shears in Typical Girders. DESIGN OF PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGES: Introduction, Definition of Composite Construction and its Use, Shored vs. Unshored Construction, Cross-Sectional Properties and Transformed Flange Width, Interface Shear, Flexure – Working Stress Analysis and Design, Flexure – Ultimate Strength Analysis and Design, Shear – Ultimate Strength Design in Accordance with AASHTO, Deflections.
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