AC Machine Fundamentals: rotating magnetic field, induced voltage, induced torque, power flow and losses. Synchronous generators: construction, speed of rotation, equivalent circuit and phasor diagram, power and Torque equations, estimation of synchronous generator circuit parameters, parallel operation of synchronous generators. Synchronous motors: motor starting, equivalent circuit, motor operation, and synchronous condenser. Induction motors: construction and concepts, equivalent circuit of an induction motor, power and torque equations, torque-speed characteristics, speed control of induction motors, determining circuit model parameters. Induction generator: construction, principles of operation, and equivalent circuit
Symmetrical components. Unsymmetrical faults. Power-flow studies. Network calculations: node elimination, building and modifying bus impedance matrix. Economic dispatch
Basic relay types and characteristics, instrument transformer (effect of dc component, estimation of CT performance), coupling capacitor voltage transformer, generator protection ( stator ground fault, over-speed, loss of excitation, generator motoring, inadvertent energization), motor protection (phase rotation, negative sequence, phase unbalance, load loss, out-of-step, loss of excitation), differential protection of generator-transformer units, reactor protection, shunt capacitor bank protection, station-bus protection, line protection, system stability and out-of-step relaying, reclosing and synchronizing, load shedding and frequency relaying
Transients: impulsive and oscillatory. Long-duration voltage variations: overvoltage, under voltage, and sustained interruptions. Short-duration voltage variations: interruptions, sags (dips), and swells. Voltage imbalance. Voltage fluctuation. Power frequency variations. Wiring and grounding. Wave distortion: dc offset, notching, noise interharmonics, and harmonics. Harmonic distortion, harmonic distortion indices, power and power factor, effects of harmonic distortional Mitigation of harmonics. Sources of harmonics and modeling. Computer tools for harmonic analysis . Monitoring power Quality . Solution to power quality problems. Standards and regulations/ Study Cases
Introduction to high voltage engineering and related industrial applications, electrostatic fields and field stress control, conduction and breakdown in gases, liquids and solids, applications of insulating materials, generation of high voltages and high currents, measurement of high voltages and current, calculation of voltage distributions along insulators, latest development and future trends in high voltage engineering
Power system components. Transmission line parameters: inductance and capacitance. Model for short, medium, and long lines. Steady-state operation of transmission lines. Shunt and series compensation. Per unit systems. Bus admittance and impedance matrices. Symmetrical fault
This course serves as an introduction to different type of expert systems. These systems are used mainly of problems that cannot be addressed using a more traditional approach. The course will cover rule-based systems, fuzzy expert systems and neural networks. architecture, applications, design
Load characteristics and its applications. Load forecasting. Types of distribution networks. Selection of distribution transformers. Voltage drop and voltage regulation.Voltage dip due to motor starting. Design of distribution feeders. Power-factor correction, Power Qulaity
Special topics in Digital Protection for Power Systems. Review of principles power system protection. Introduction to digital techniques for power system protection. Mathematicsal background to protection algorithms, Basic elemnts of digital protection, Sinsoidal-wave-based algorithms, Fourier analysis and Walsh function based techniques, Least squares based methods, Differential equation based techniques, Digital differential protection techniques. Use computer simulation
Electrical, mechanical and electromechanical linear dynamical systems modeling, block diagrams and signal flow graphs, transfer functions of linear time-invariant systems, stability of linear time-invariant systems, steady state responses and steady state errors, transient responses, root-locus technique to analyze systems, Design of PID, phase-lead, and phase-lag controllers using root-locus technique and Ziegler-Nichols tuning method
Sinusoidal steady state analysis. AC power analysis (instantaneous, average power maximum average power transfer, complex and apparent power, power factor and power factor correction). Analysis of three-phase circuits. Mutual inductance and magnetically coupled circuits. Resonance circuits. Frequency response using Bode plots. Two-Port networks
System of units, Circuit variables (charge, current, voltage, power, energy). Circuit elements, and simple resistive circuits. Techniques of circuit analysis. The ideal Operational amplifier, Inductance and Capacitance. Natural and step responses of first order RL and RC circuits. Natural and step responses of RLC circuits.
Introduction to energy conversion and magnetic circuits. Sources of magnetic flux and magnetomotive force, magnetic materials, hysteresis loop, eddy currents and self and mutual inductances. Single, Auto and three phase transformers construction, principle of operation, regulation, connection and equivalent circuits. DC-machines, construction, types, windings, EMF equation, Torque equation, armature reaction and efficiency. AC-machines, construction, types (synchronous and induction), windings, rotating magnetic field and flux distribution, equivalent circuit and principle of operation as motor and generator
Introduction to energy conversion and magnetic circuits transform, (single phase, three phase, auto transformer) construction, regulation, connections, special connections: T-Connection, Scot Connection. DC – machines, construction, types, windings, EMF equation. Torque equation, armature reaction, power flow control and dynamics
Average power and rms values. Polyphase circuits. Three phase Y and  connections. Complex frequency. The damped sinusoidal forcing function. Frequency response. Parallel and series resonance. Magnetically coupled circuits. General two port networks: Impedance, admittance, hybrid, and transmission parameters. Principles of basic filtering. Basic passive filters
Magnetic circuits; single-phase transformers: principles, analysis and performance characteristics; three-phase transformers: construction, connections and groups; single-phase and three-phase transformer testing; electromechanical energy conversion; basic principles of DC mechanics; principles and classification of DC generators; DC motors: analysis, performance characteristics, starting and speed control; Dc machines testing; rotating field; synchronous generators: classification, analysis, performance characteristics, synchronization process and parallel operation
Power system protection: layout of substations, requirements and elements of protection systems, relays. Directional and non-directional over current and earth fault feeder protection. Differential protection as applied to feeders. Principles of distance protection. Economic operation of power systems, classical economic dispatch, the transmission loss equation, , automatic generation control. Power system stability: rotor dynamics and the swing equation, the power angle equation, synchronizing power coefficient, equal-area criterion of stability, introduction to multi-machine stability studies
Introduction to Protective Relaying. Relay Operating Principles. Current and Voltage Transformers. Nonpilot Overcurrent Protection of Transmission Lines. Nonpilot Distance Protection of Transmission Lines. Transformer Protection. Rotating Machinery Protection. Busbar Protection. Pilot Protection of Transmission Lines. Numerical relaying. Matlab simulation of numerical relays. Protection Considerations for Renewable Resources. Adaptive relaying.
Review of basic principles. Electromechanical/solid state/computer relays. Current and voltage transformers: steady state and transient performance. Transformer protection. Generator protection. Motor protection. Busbar protection. Fuses: mechanism of interruption of overcurrent and short circuit currents. Maintenance and testing of relays.
Modern topics in electrical power systems or electrical machines to keep the student up-to-date in the areas of power generation (their policies and economics), energy sources, distribution systems and special machines.
Synchronous motors: analysis, performance characteristics, application in power factor correction, and starting methods. Testing of synchronous machines. Three-phase induction motors: classification, analysis, performance characteristics, starting methods, testing, and speed control. Single-phase induction motors. Special types of motors: stepper motor, universal motor, reluctance motor, and brushless DC motor.
2014-2015, 2015-2016, 2017-2018
Introduction to high voltage engineering. insulation coordination, surge arresters. Generation of high voltages and high currents. Conduction and breakdown in gases, liquids and solid dielectrics. Measurement of high voltages and current. HV overhead line insulators. Calculation of voltage distribution along insulators. High voltage bushings (types, design and applications). HV cables. Corona and Partial discharge
208-2019, 2019-2020
Introduction to power quality, terms and definitions. Power quality problems, voltage sage, swell and interruptions. Overvoltage transient. Harmonics, source of harmonics, harmonics mitigation, harmonics filter design. Computer tools for harmonic analysis. Monitoring power quality. Solution to power quality problems. Standards and regulations. Study cases.
2018-2019, 2019-2020